The term bunion refers to a foot deformity where the bone of your big toe becomes misaligned. It then appears as an uncomfortable growth on your big toe. The bump that forms contains bone and soft tissue, and can easily irritate your other toes. Bunions can usually be treated by nonsurgical methods, but in severe cases surgery may be necessary.
Bunions most commonly form in response to ill-fitting footwear. Shoes that are too small and have a narrow pointed toe box can easily cause bunions. Your toes require enough room to move comfortably, but shoes that are too small can squeeze your toes together in severe irritation. Toes that do not have comfortable space can be forced out of their natural positioning resulting in bunions. Bunions can also form as a result of wearing high heels. High heels are often designed with these improper toe boxes, but they also alter your stance so that your body puts all of its pressure on your toes. This forces your toes further into the front of your shoe. Bunions can also develop due to foot complications such as arthritis.
If bunions are not treated properly or in a time efficient manner, then surgery may be necessary. Bunions that are allowed continued growth can become extremely painful and irritable to your other toes. Bunion surgery is not a form of cosmetic surgery and bunions are usually only removed if they cause severe pain or affect your daily activities. Some bunions never result in pain or foot complications and can be compared to minor skin abnormalities. Pain caused by bunions can usually be relieved by wearing properly fit shoes with wide toe boxes that will not squeeze your feet. Also, the use of custom molded orthotics will offer your feet greater support and cushioning.
While other treatment plans may relieve pain, bunions can only be removed through surgery. Bunion surgery not only relieves pain, but can correct deformities and remove the bunion allowing your feet to look and feel healthy.
If you are suffering from a severe bunion and are interested in surgical removal, contact our office at (203) 876-7736 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Sanjay Patel.