When you hear the word arch, what do you think of? The Gateway Arch? McDonalds? In the world of podiatry, “arch” is a reference to the area on the bottom of the foot that runs from the toes to the heel. It is an important part of the mechanics of the feet, because too much arch or too little arch can cause significant foot pain.
Arch pain can be a result of several different factors, including the way the individual’s foot is constructed. Some people have flat feet caused by tendons that are loose. This condition is very common, and may not cause any pain. However, achiness and a tired feeling are often noted.
Flat feet are associated with the most common reason for pain in the arch of the foot-- plantar fasciitis. Generally known to cause heel pain, this condition also impacts the arch. People with flat feet tend towards over-pronation. As the plantar fascia is overstretched and tugged from the heel, pain will often develop along the bottom of the foot.
On the other end of the spectrum, there are people who have high arches. This is almost always painful, sometimes to the point of disability. Weight is not distributed evenly across the foot, and excess strain is placed on the ball-of-the -foot and on the heel. For the same reason, injuries sometimes cause arch pain.
Treatment for arch pain usually involves changing your footwear. Try to avoid heels that are higher than 2 ¼ inches. Also, look for supportive, shock absorbent shoes. Orthotics can be helpful if you have flat feet, or high arches.
If you continue to experience pain, contact the office of Dr. Sanjay Patel to learn more about your condition. Call our Milford, CT office at (203) 876-7736, or the Hamden, CT office at (203) 288-4055. You can also schedule an appointment on our website.